What types of orthodontics are there for minors and adults?

Orthodontics aims to diagnose, prevent and treat possible alterations that may arise in the patient’s dental system within the framework of good health. Now, each person is a world and for this reason you must always apply the solution that best suits your needs. Do you plan to improve your image? Or do you just want to take care of your mouth? We have prepared this guide that will show you the options that you have at your disposal and will help you to understand which one is the best for you!

Although orthodontics is usually associated psychologically with a malposition of the teeth, there are many reasons why a person decides to wear braces. To improve chewing, to prevent cavities and infections, to correct joint problems, to achieve a better appearance or for other issues related to the bad position of the teeth. Patients who undergo orthodontic treatment should know previously, but what kind of solution will be applied. Depending on the particularities of your tooth structure and age, there are more recommendable methods than others.

Interceptive orthodontics

Very common in patients under age. It is a type of orthodontics that is performed in children when they are in the stage of milk teeth or making the change. It is usually used as a preventive way to correct malocclusion alterations. That is, when the upper and lower teeth grow wrongly and come to touch irregularly. Its main objective is to contribute to the maintenance of a good position of the teeth in children who are developing the final teeth, and correct bad habits that prevent it.

Corrective orthodontics

Suitable for both minors and adults, this type of orthodontics is used to correct existing malocclusion problems. It applies to both young and adults, and manages to modify both the aesthetic and dental morphology. Within this category, orthodontics is found by mobile dental appliances and that used with fixed dental appliances.

Mobile dental devices

It is an orthodontics that works from some oral devices, and the same patient can be applied or removed when desired. With this system, the correction is based on applying controlled pressures on the teeth that must be modified in position. They are suitable for expanding the jaws and correct various dental alterations. Although they are an advantage in terms of the comfort of the person, they can also become inconvenient if little use is made. In patients under age, devices made of acrylic materials are used.

Fixed dental devices

Popularly known as brackets, they are the most commonly used, especially among young patients. Through various metallic elements, rubbers and other fasteners, they adhere to the teeth and transmit a pressure to move them to the desired position. They are recommended for dentures with dental malposition, rotating teeth, closing spaces between teeth or for malocclusion problems. They are the most resistant type of orthodontics, since due to the use of their materials they can withstand all kinds of pressures, such as bumps, chewing or the effect of food.

There are several variants in terms of materials to promote the aesthetics of the patient to your liking. These can be:

  • Metallic or conventional brackets
  • Sapphire brackets
  • Porcelain brackets
  • Lingual or incognito brackets: They are located in the back of the teeth to favor the image
  • Self-ligating brackets or Diamond system

Invisible orthodontics

It is a correction system consisting of two transparent dental braces that are made in a personalized way for each patient. These are very similar to mobile devices and work by pressing on the teeth in order to align correctly. On the other hand, their transparent nature makes them practically invisible to the eye, thus improving the aesthetic appearance of the person. This type of orthodontics is manufactured by a 3D photograph of the patient’s teeth. Along with a computer program, you can perform a simulation of the possible changes that are made in the movement of the teeth. As the goals are reached on a weekly basis, the dental appliances are replaced by others that incorporate the new movements to move to a new phase.

Come to Activita and we will recommend the best solution for you. Find out on our website or request an online appointment with your dentist.