If we take a look at the dictionary we will see that what we know popularly as sciatica is a strong pain that runs through the back of the leg to the foot, and that this pain occurs due to compression, inflammation or irritation of the sciatic nerve. It is easy to understand that the effects caused by sciatica are so annoying considering that it is the thickest of the human body: it is distributed through the posterior muscles of the thigh, leg and foot.
Regarding the most common symptoms, we emphasize the pain that extends from the lower part of the spine, the lower back, to the buttocks and the back of the leg. In fact, sciatica can cause the discomfort to focus at any point of the long course of the nerve. Respect for the intensity of pain, it can vary widely, as well as those who suffer it. From mild pain to an acute sensation of burning, to the point of feeling a kind of electric shock. Of course, it usually affects one side of the body.
Precisely the length of the sciatic nerve causes the symptoms to be different depending on the irritated area, which is why it is important to know the causes that explain this pain, which is an important percentage of occasions produced by the nerve pinching. Below we look at half a dozen problems that affect the lower back and usually have a relationship. Many are technical words but our doctor will give us a flat explanation of its meaning: lumbar disc herniation, degenerative disc disorder, orthmic spondylolist, lumbar canal stenosis, pyrazole syndrome or dysfunction of the sacroiliac joint.
On the other hand, the main risk factors that can cause sciatica are diabetes, age-related changes in the spine, obesity that leads to an increase in overweight of the spine or a profession in what do you have to sit for many hours? In this sense, people with a sedentary lifestyle are more likely to suffer this pain so uncomfortable.
In any case, it is not always possible to prevent sciatica but it is always advisable to pay attention to aspects of our daily behavior that can help us, especially the regular exercise practice that can keep your back strong or the adoption of a adequate position at sitting.
It is worth remembering that if you suffer from symptoms similar to those described in this article, you can arrange a visit with a doctor to know the cause of pain. You can consult our specialists in Traumatology and Orthopedics on the Activita website. They will tell you the best exercises you can do to relieve the sciatic pain.